Starts with planning, design, and financing and continues until the structure is ready for occupancy.
1.Residential building construction
2.Light commercial construction
Each type of construction project requires a unique team to plan, design, construct and maintain the project.
The most popular method of residential construction is wood-framed construction. Typical construction steps for a single-family or small multi-family house are:
◾Develop floor plans and obtain building approval if necessary
◾Clear the building site
◾Pour a foundation with concrete
◾Build the main load-bearing structure out of thick pieces of wood and possibly metal beams for large spans with few supports
◾Add floor and ceiling joists and install subfloor panels
◾Cover outer walls and roof in particleboard or plywood and vapor barrier
◾Install roof shingles or other covering for flat roof
◾Cover the walls with siding, typically vinyl or wood, but possibly stone or other materials
◾Frame out interior walls with wooden 2x4s
◾Add internal plumbing, HVAC, electrical, and natural gas utilities
◾Building inspector visits if necessary to approve utilities and framing
◾Install interior drywall panels and fiberglass insulation to make walls and ceilings
◾Install bathroom fixtures
◾Spackle, prime, and paint interior walls and ceilings
◾Additional tiling on top of drywall for wet areas, such as the bathroom and kitchen backsplash
◾Install final floor covering, such as floor tile, carpet, or wood flooring
◾Install major appliances
◾Unless the original owners are building the house, at this point it is typically sold or rented.
◾Move in furniture, decor, personal items, and any appliances not originally supplied